Hyperpigmentation, Dark Spots, Melasma and their causes

Hyperpigmentation is a condition where certain areas of the skin become darker in colour compared to the surrounding skin. This can be due to an increase in the production of melanin, the pigment that gives colour to our skin, hair, and eyes.There are several causes of hyperpigmentation, including sun exposure, hormonal changes, genetics, certain medications, inflammation or injury to the skin, and some medical conditions. post inflammatory hyperpigmentation, caused after inflammation or scarring, including acne scars is another cause.
Dark spots, also known as age spots, sun spots, or liver spots, are flat, discoloured patches of skin that are usually brown or black in colour. They typically appear on sun-exposed areas of the skin, such as the face, neck, hands, and arms. Dark spots are caused by an overproduction of melanin, the pigment that gives colour to our skin, hair, and eyes. This overproduction of melanin can be triggered by exposure to the sun, hormonal changes, certain medications, and aging.
Melasma is a common skin condition characterized by dark, discoloured patches on the face. It is most commonly seen in women, and the patches can range in colour from light brown to grey-brown. Melasma is often referred to as the "mask of pregnancy" because it is commonly seen in pregnant women, but it can affect anyone regardless of gender or age. The exact cause of melasma is unknown, but it is thought to be related to hormonal changes, sun exposure, genetics, and certain medications.

Best Hyperpigmentation treatment

Many advanced treatments are now available for Hyperpigmentation, dark spots and melasma.
At La Derma, your doctor will customise your treatment and recommend regular maintenance to reduce melasma and prevent a recurrence. She may recommend any of the following options as standalone or combo treatment based on the type, cause and severity of your skin condition:

  • Topical Medications: Many topical medications like retinoids, vitamin C etc. in the form of cream , ointment , gels etc are used but they only have limited effect.
  • CHEMICAL PEEL: Chemical peels are a type of skin treatment that involve applying a chemical solution to the skin to exfoliate and remove the top layers of damaged or discolored skin cells. Chemical peels can be effective in treating dark spots, melasma, and other forms of hyperpigmentation by removing the damaged skin cells that contain excess pigment. This encourages the skin to shed the damaged cells, revealing the healthier, more evenly pigmented skin beneath.
    It's important to note that chemical peels should only be performed by a trained and experienced professional. Additionally, chemical peels may not be suitable for all skin types and conditions, so it's always best to consult with a dermatologist before undergoing any treatment.
  • COSMELAN PEEL: The cosmelan® method is a unique treatment that utilizes a combination of active ingredients with proven efficacy. It offers both short- and long-term results due to its dual action. Although it is a peel, it goes beyond traditional peeling methods. While standard peels act on the skin's surface by eliminating top layers and promoting renewal, the cosmelan® method not only visibly removes and reduces spots like a peel, but it also regulates the overproduction of pigmentation that causes spots, preventing them from reappearing. Unlike peelings that address only the surface of the problem, cosmelan® treatment targets the root cause.
  • Q SWITCH LASER: Q-switched laser is a type of laser that delivers high-intensity, short-duration pulses of light to the skin, and it is often used in the treatment of hyperpigmentation, including melasma, dark spots, sun spots, and age spots. The Q-switched laser works by targeting the excess melanin in the skin that causes hyperpigmentation. When the laser light is absorbed by the melanin in the skin, it breaks down the excess pigment and causes the skin to shed the damaged cells over time.
    One of the key advantages of Q-switched laser treatment for hyperpigmentation is that it can deliver highly targeted and precise treatment, with minimal damage to the surrounding skin. Additionally, it can be used on all skin types, including darker skin tones, and it is generally considered safe when performed under supervision of a qualified dermatologist as in La Derma.
  • CO2 LASER RESURFACING: The CO2 laser works by removing the damaged skin cells that contain excess pigment, and it also stimulates the production of collagen and elastin in the skin, which can improve skin texture and tone over time. The laser energy is delivered in a controlled manner to minimize damage to the surrounding tissue and reduce the risk of scarring or other complications.
  • MICRODERMAABRASION: Microdermabrasion is an clinic procedure used to treat hyperpigmentation that affects the superficial layer of skin only (superficial scarring). During the procedure, your dermatologist will use a handheld tool with a wire brush or another abrasive attachment. It smoothen your skin tone.
  • MICRONEEDLING : This minimally invasive procedure creates microscopic tears in your skin. As the skin heals, it tends to have a more even skin tone.It is done with a Derma Pen and its almost painless.
  • GFC Therapy: This procedure involves taking a small amount of your blood, placing the blood in a tube with growth factor concentrate and then placing the tube into a machine that separates the blood into layers, and then injecting the layer of blood known as plasma into the skin with melasma , dark spots or hyperpigmentation. This is the best and most effective treatment for Melasma. Most melasma patients reports more than 80 percent improvement with GFC therapy.

What is the cost of Hyperpigmentation treatment in Kolkata?
What is the cost of dark spot treatment in Kolkata?
What is the cost of Melasma Treatment in Kolkata?

The cost varies a little across centres and for different persons depending upon severity of problem and procedure chosen. The indicative prices for various hyperpigmentation /dark spots/melasma treatment procedures at La Derma is given below.

Procedure Indicative Price in ₹
Micro Needling Rs. 5,000
Micro derma Abrasion Rs. 4,000
Q Switch Rs. 4,000
Carbon Q switch Rs. 5,000
CO2 laser resurfacing Rs. 4,000
Cosmelan Peel Face Rs. 34,000

Before After Images of Dark Spots Treatment/Hyperpigmentation Treatment/Melasma Treatment at La Derma

Top Dark Spot/Hyperpigmentation/Melasma Treatment Doctors in Kolkata


Dr. Khushbu Tantia

MD – Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS.

She is an Aesthetic Dermatologist and Cosmetologist. She has done MBBS and MD ( Dermatology & VD) from top medical college of Bengaluru KIMS. She also has a Certificate in Cosmetic Dermatology from Mumbai. She is also expert in skin lasers, fillers ,micro needling and permanent makeup.


  • MON, SAT : 03:30 PM - 06:30 PM


  • MON, SAT : 11:30 AM - 02:00 PM


Why La Derma?

Advanced US-FDA approved equipments
Comprehensive one-to-one consultation with the dermatologist
Well trained and certified therapists
Stringent guidelines and set protocols for better service efficacy
Over 20,000+ satisfied patients
Transparent Pricing

But Don't Just Take Our Word For It!


La Derma Clinics

Salt Lake Clinic

BF 189, 5th Cross Rd, BF Block, Sector 1, Bidhannagar,
Kolkata, West Bengal 700064

+91 9433122662

Park Street Clinic


+91 8910940714

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