What is Acne?

Acne is a skin condition in which pores become blocked by a combination of hair, sebum, bacteria, and dead skin cells. These blockages can manifest as blackheads, whiteheads, nodules, and other types of pimples. Also known as Pimples or blemishes , often occur on the face, chest, shoulders, neck,back (Bacne), butt and forehead, nose. It is a very common condition, with estimates suggesting that approximately 80% of individuals between the ages of 11 and 30 will experience at least a mild form of acne at some point in their lives. Many people will be affected by acne at some point in their lives. The most common type of Acne is known as Acne Vulgaris.

Causes Of Acne . What causes Acne?

Acne is largely caused by hormonal imbalances, specifically an excess of androgen hormones. These hormones are most active during the teenage and young adult years. When combined with bacteria on the skin's surface and fatty acids produced by oil glands, acne can develop. There are several factors that can trigger or worsen acne, including fluctuating hormone levels around a woman's menstrual cycle, picking at acne sores, wearing certain types of clothing or headgear, stress , exposure to air pollution and certain weather conditions (particularly high humidity), using oily or greasy personal care products, working in an environment with grease, experiencing stress (which increases the hormone cortisol), eating oily and fried foods and taking certain medications. Genetics may also play a role in the development of acne.

Where does acne most commonly occur?

The most common spots where you might have acne are your face, forehead, chest, shoulders and upper back. Back acne is also called Bacne. There are other places too like , butt acne/butt pimple/Bum acne , body acne, pimple on hands, Pimple on scrotum, pimple on breast, pimple on anus, small bumps on nose , pimple near vagina etc. Oil glands are all over your body, but those are the places where there are the most. The best way to treat acne depends on how severe it is.

What are the different types of acne?

Acne can take several forms. The types in order of increasing severity are :

  • Blackheads (Open comedone): Open bumps on the skin that fill with excess oil and dead skin. They look as if dirt has deposited in the bump, but the dark spots are actually caused by an irregular light reflection off the clogged follicle.
  • Whiteheads (Closed Comedone) : Bumps that remain closed by oil and dead skin.
  • Papules: Small red or pink bumps that become inflamed.
  • Pustules: Pimples containing pus. They look like whiteheads surrounded by red rings. They can cause scarring if picked or scratched.
  • Nodules( Nodular Acne ) : Solid pimples that are deep in your skin. They are large and painful.
  • Cysts( Cystic Acne): Pus-filled pimples. These can cause scars.
  • Blind Acne: Acne that form under the skin which may erupt later and form visible blemish.

All of these forms of acne can affect your self-esteem and result in scars. It’s best to seek treatment from a board-certified dermatologist early so they can help determine the best treatment option(s) for you.

Types of Acne depending upon cause

  • Bacterial Acne – Most common, bacterial infection resulting in papules, pustules & cysts.
  • Fungal Acne – Infection of the acne by fungus or yeast.
  • Hormonal Acne- Acne caused due to hormonal imbalance as main cause , primarily an excess of male hormones or androgensis called hormonal acne.PCOD Acne, Adolescent acne are main examples.
  • Comedogenic Acne- Acne with comedones that is black heads and white heads are called comedogenic acne.

Treatment of Acne

Various medications and therapies have proven to be effective for acne treatment / Acne vulgaris treatment including fungal acne treatment, hormonal acne treatment. They target the underlying factors that contribute to acne. You might require at least one or multiple, depending on the severity of your condition. The regimen include a facewash, a non-comedogenic moisturiser and other medications depending upon severity and cause.
Other treatment options at La Derma Skin Clinic for acne treatment are,

  • Chemical Peel- Specific Anti Acne Peels are applied that helps in clearing the acne (papule and pustule) by removing the upper dead skin layer and unveiling rejuvenated skin from beneath.
  • Comedone Extraction- Extraction of Comedone i.e., Black heads and white heads using special instruments by our expert dermatologists.
  • Intralesional Injections- For cystic and Nodular Acne treatment intralesional injections are given.

Click here to know more about Acne Scar Treatment or Acne scar removal.


The cost of acne treatment depends upon the severity and cause of acne, procedure and medications prescribed. Its starts at 3000 only at La Derma.

Top Acne Treatment Doctor in Kolkata


Dr. Khushbu Tantia

MD – Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS.

She is an Aesthetic Dermatologist and Cosmetologist. She has done MBBS and MD ( Dermatology & VD) from top medical college of Bengaluru KIMS. She also has a Certificate in Cosmetic Dermatology from Mumbai. She is also expert in skin lasers, fillers ,micro needling and permanent makeup.


  • MON, SAT : 03:30 PM - 06:30 PM


  • MON, SAT : 11:30 AM - 02:00 PM


Before After Images of Acne Treatment at La Derma

Got More Questions About Acne Pimple Treatment?

Ans. See a dermatologist as soon as you notice the pimples so that you can start treatment immediately, before scarring occurs.
Ans. The best treatment for Acne is few sessions of chemical peel along with a religious non comedogenic facewash, moisturiser and sunscreen regimen.
Ans. The fastest treatment for acne is antiacne chemical peel.
Ans. Fast foods,oily and fried foods and spicy foods causes acne.
Ans. Fibre rich foods like green and leafy vegetables , fruits helps in acne.

But Don't Just Take Our Word For It!


Contact Details

Salt Lake Clinic

BF 189, 5th Cross Rd, BF Block, Sector 1, Bidhannagar,
Kolkata, West Bengal 700064

+91 9433122662

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+91 8910940714

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